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Cosmetology

Cosmetology, Hair

DIY: Effortless Updo

 

We are so excited to share this Effortless Updo with you! Updo’s are a classic look, that can be a bit intimidating, but they don’t have to be. All you need to complete this elegant look is: a hair clip, rubber band, bobby pins, a curling iron and a shaping hair spray. (We used Clary Shape)

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Cosmetology, Hair

Brow-less Beauty

Mona Lisa is one of Leonardo DaVinci’s greatest works of art. Have you ever wondered, “Where are her eyebrows?” “Did he forget them?”

Well, DaVinci did not forget anything. In fact, brow less foreheads were considered a sign of beauty. Women would tweeze their eyebrows and hairlines to show an expansion of their forehead. They did this to look more intelligent, because it would make their forehead look larger and therefore seem like they had a larger brain. Women would then pumice the tweezed area to make it smooth. Now, I think it is great that they thought knowledge equaled beauty, but I am glad that this beauty trend did not stick around. They say beauty is pain, and in this case that is very true.

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Natural Hair Care

Hair Braiding History

Hair braiding [hair brey-ding] verb

 “Hair braiding means a natural form of hair manipulation that results in tension on hair strands by beading, braiding, cornrowing, extending, lacing, locking, sewing, twisting, weaving, or wrapping human hair, natural fibers, synthetic fibers, and hair extensions into a variety of shapes, patterns, and textures.”

Hair braiding is an ancient art form that can be traced back to Egyptians and many African tribes, where it was used to symbolize social status and different religious and social beliefs. Hair braiding has been around for centuries and many styles worn today for fashion purposes used to only be worn to symbolize different things about a person’s life.

Photo Credit: going-natural.com

Photo Credit: going-natural.com

Ancient Egyptian women of high stature would wear their hair braided and beaded over; pregnant Egyptian women would wear their hair braided into a bun. In some African tribes they used hair braiding as an initiation process from childhood to adulthood, and some women would wear their hair braided into a crown to represent royalty.

 

Hair braiding slowly made its way to the United States where it was mainly worn around the house and used to maintain small children’s hair. Hair braiding services were not offered in a salon until the 1960’s, when the style began to gain popularity. Women would wear their hair in many fashions including geometric designs simulating crowns, similar to their hair braiding foremothers.  As the want for these intricate designs grew, so did the demand for hair braiders. Braiders from all over the country made the transition from home based businesses to traditional salon settings.

As the demand for hair braiding services grew, so did the number of unregulated braiding salons, creating the need for hair braiding regulations.  By the early 1980’s, network gatherings were held in cities like Washington D.C and New York to work together and curate hair braiding laws and regulations.  Hair braiding than became a legal salon service and it is now required by state law that any person practicing hair braiding services must obtain a license by the board of cosmetology for their state.

If hair braiding is for you, check out the Clary Sage College Hair Braiding Technology Program!

Associate of Occupational Science in Cosmetology, Cosmetology, Esthetics, Master Instructor

Brow Building Basics

So…… Let’s talk about eyebrow color. A frequent question I am asked is “What color should I use to fill in my eyebrows?” There are several rules to follow, and then as always in beauty the ways to break them. Let’s break it down by hair color.
Black/darkest brown tones: Filling in eyebrows true black can look amazing if done right (back to that in a moment), but the easiest or most desired option is to use a dark brown color. Choices of application being powder, pencil, or gels (optional). The main thing to look at in the color is that there isn’t much red in the brown.  Reddish browns look very off on the eyebrows.  You are looking for neutral tones, not going to warm or cool in the underlying tonalities. If you decide to go for the black, make sure your color is black-black. If the color is off the brows will look smudgy and grayish, not pretty.
Medium brown w/ or w/out highlights: This type of hair color needs to stick with again neutral brown, this time just a little lighter. Brows tend to look better darker than lighter. They are the face framers; they define the eye, and give expression to the face. Everyone should examine what their eyebrows are doing right now! Avoid the reddish undertone for these brows as well.
Light brown, dark blonde: The key color word for this hair is taupe. Taupe colors are your best friend. Again, lean to the darker side. If they are to light they will look gray and powdery. We are trying to match the darker hair, so highlights are somewhat disregarded.
Light to pale blondes:  Key color here again is taupe. Some blonde colors are to golden or even to red. These could be ok of you are of the strawberry blonde variety or you have put in highlights and/or lowlights of the red or copper family, but they are still a little weak or off for my taste. I still recommend taupe.
Gray/Salt & Pepper: You guessed it, Taupe. By far the most flattering color for gray, salt & pepper or white hair. These again should not be to warm or gray.
Red Head: Now just because you’re red doesn’t mean go all out lipliner red, oh wait, I’ve done that. That’s for later…Seriously though, find a neutral reddish color on the darker side of the hair color. or go with the neutral brown or darker taupe.
Aside from the mentioned above you can go all out with bright color, glitter, or the complete opposite of your hair color ie. Dark hair light brows, light hair dark brows. Whatever you feel comfortable with. Using gel brow color or colored mascaras can slightly alter the color to suit your needs and hold the hair in place.

Viola!!

Beautiful brows

Associate of Occupational Science in Cosmetology, Nail Technician

Toe Nibbles

What is a fish pedicure?

A fish pedicure, also known as a fish spa, involves patrons dipping their feet in a tub of water filled with small fish called Garra rufaGarra rufa are sometimes referred to as “doctor fish” because they eat away dead skin found on peoples’ feet, leaving newer skin exposed. This is not a traditional pedicure in the sense that we think. No scrubs, massaging, toenail care etc… The service consists of a simple tank or basin with about 100 fish inside that the client places their feet into. Prices are usually around $35 for about a 15 min. session. Not to relaxing if you ask me.

Garra rufa are native to the Middle East, where they have been used as a medical treatment for individuals with skin diseases, like psoriasis. One study has illustrated the effectiveness of fish pedicures in the treatment of psoriasis; however, this treatment was performed in a controlled setting at a medical university in Austria, not at a nail salon . CDC is not aware of any published reports on illnesses resulting from fish pedicures. Nail salon foot baths, however, have caused outbreaks of nontuberculous mycobacterial infections that left infected pedicure customers with boils and scars.

Why have some states banned the use of fish pedicures?

An entrepreneur named John Ho has been credited with bringing the trend to his salon in Virginia called Yvonne’s Day Spa. He said he wanted to come up with something unique while finding a replacement for pedicures that use razors to scrape off dead skin. The razors have fallen out of favor with state regulators because of concerns about whether they’re sanitary. There are also franchise salons available in Delaware, Maryland, Missouri, as well as Virginia.

Each state has the authority to ban fish pedicures. At least 14 states, including Texas, Oklahoma and Florida, have outlawed  them. Virginia doesn’t see a problem. Plus, they have no jurisdiction over skin, unless it’s a face. Ohio permitted the fish pedicures after a review of the regulation and service details.

Most of the bans are based on at least one of the following reasons:

  • The fish pedicure tubs cannot be sufficiently cleaned between customers when the fish are present.
  • The fish themselves cannot be disinfected or sanitized between customers. Due to the cost of the fish, salon owners are likely to use the same fish multiple times with different customers, which increases the risk of spreading infection.
  • Chinese Chinchin, another species of fish that is often mislabeled as Garra rufa and used in fish pedicures, grows teeth and can draw blood, increasing the risk of infection.
  • According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceGarra rufa could pose a threat to native plant and animal life if released into the wild because the fish is not native to the United States.
  • Fish pedicures do not meet the legal definition of a pedicure.
  • Regulations specifying that fish at a salon must be contained in an aquarium.
  • The fish must be starved to eat skin, they live in an environment free of a food source, which might be considered animal cruelty.
A special thanks to Kent Berry, Clary Sage Barista Instructor, for trying a Fish Pedicure, in Mexico, and documenting the experience for us to share with everyone.
Associate of Occupational Science in Cosmetology, Cosmetology, Esthetics

Beautiful Eyeshadow in Minutes!

By: Emma Downey

Lately my days have been so crazy hectic and jammed packed that my beauty needs have taken a bit of a back seat.  My hair has been in need of a trim for the past three months, my poor nails at one time were painted red and they now have grown out to red tips and my makeup application has dwindled down to eyes and lips.

Luckily, you can create a beautiful look that will make your eyes pop with nothing more than a light-neutral colored eye shadow, a charcoal colored eye liner and black mascara.

Supplies need:

  • A neutral colored eye shadow, a few shades lighter than your skin.
  • Charcoal colored eyeliner.
  • Black mascara
Apply the eye shadow to the inner corners of the eye, the outer corners of the lower lash and over the brow bone.

Apply the eye shadow to the inner corners of the eye, the outer corners of the lower lash and over the brow bone.

Apply the eye shadow to the inner corners of the eye, the outer corners of the lower lash and over the brow bone.

Apply the eye shadow to the inner corners of the eye, the outer corners of the lower lash and over the brow bone.

Apply the eye shadow to the inner corners of the eye, the outer corners of the lower lash and over the brow bone.

Apply the eye shadow to the inner corners of the eye, the outer corners of the lower lash and over the brow bone.

Apply a thin coat of eyeliner at the upper lash line.

Apply a thin coat of eyeliner at the upper lash line.

Complete the look with mascara on the upper and lower lashes.

Complete the look with mascara on the upper and lower lashes.

And there you have it! A simple way to make you look stunning day to day!

Associate of Occupational Science in Cosmetology, Cosmetology, Esthetics, Massage Therapy, Master Instructor, Nail Technician

Tax Breaks for Continued Education

By Christen Brummett

No matter what industry you are in, it is imperative to stay on top of any trends. One of the best ways of staying on top of these trends is to attend trade shows. Many professionals utilize tax write-offs for trade shows and educational trips to assist with paying for the trips. However, it is important to follow all necessary guidelines to get your maximum deductions, and more importantly, to ensure you do not have any negative repercussions from the IRS.

Here are are a couple guidelines for tax write offs:

  • Know what you can deduct beforehand. Deductions should include items such as your registration, required materials for the event, round trip airfare, mileage on your car, taxi fares, lodging, and meals
  • Certain items should only be 50% written off. Those items include entertainment and meals. Also, items that are considered to be “extravagant” can only be written off up to 50%. For instance, a penthouse hotel room can only have up to 50% used as a tax deduction.
  • Another option is to use the per diem method which allows you to write off a certain amount each day, depending on the zip code you are in.To see the recommended per diems you can go tohttp://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/21287
  • In general, you do not need to keep documentation of expenses less than $75 however all items over $75 should have documentation to accompany them. And if ever in doubt, keep your documentation.
  • You cannot write off expenses for non-business workers such as your significant other or friend who tag along with you.
  • Oversees or cruise business trips have slightly different regulations. Most recommend only $2,000 per trip.

For more information check out www.irs.gov

Cosmetology

Wanting To Achieve A Flawless Makeup Look? Try Primer.

What Is your Favorite Primer?

What Is your Favorite Primer?

By Emmy Downey

Makeup primer is one of those beauty secrets that can make a big difference in the look and wear of your makeup. It preps your skin for makeup and creates a smooth base that makeup can adhere well to. If you’ve tried a foundation that looks fantastic on a friend or a model in a magazine only to be disappointed with the results, using makeup primers can make a big difference. Even if you are happy with the foundation you are currently using, a layer of cosmetics primer underneath can bring it to a whole new level.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you learn how to apply makeup primer:

Step 1: First you will need to use moisturizer. Putting any makeup on top of dry skin usually leads to trouble later in the day. Choose a light moisturizer as heavy creams tend to make primer slide right off your skin. Be sure to let the moisturizer sit for a few minutes to allow it to be absorbed into your skin.

Step 2: Pump or pour a small amount of the primer into your hand. Dip a damp foundation wedge sponge into the primer and dab it gently onto your face, beginning under your eyes and around your nose.

Step 3: Next, add the primer to your forehead, chin, nose, and cheeks.

Step 4: Using the same sponge, blend the primer into your skin. Be sure you cover all areas as evenly as possible, but it’s okay to use a little extra in places where your makeup tends to wear off quickly, such as in the T-zone or over large pores.

Step 5: Wait a few minutes for your primer to dry before applying foundation and concealer.

Step 6: Most foundation primers aren’t suited for the eyelids, but you can purchase a primer specifically designed for the eyelid. Eyeshadow is often the first makeup to fade during the day. A good eye makeup primer can help you get much more mileage out of even the cheapest eyeshadows. Just rub some into your eyelids before applying shadow to help your shadow stick to your lids all day.

Once you know how to use makeup primer, you’ll have an extra secret weapon at your disposal to help you achieve the ultimate in your makeup look for your next special occasion.